One of the places during my trip to Transnistria that really amazed me it was Tighina fortress. Originally was built( from wood) by Stefan cel Mare, but in 1538 the Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent conquered the fortress and renamed it Bender.
Bender is a city within the internationally recognized borders of Moldova under de facto control of unrecognized Prednistrovian Moldovan Respublic since 1992.
In the XVth century the system of fortifications situated along the Dnister banks played an important role in medieval Moldova, because they served as defence line against the invasion on the eastern frontiers (Hotin, Soroca, Tighina, Cetatea Alba). The fortress of Tighina is one of the oldest fortifications included in this system. Built on remains of an ancient settlement, Tighina Fortress is mentioned in the documents dating back to the times of Alexandru cel Bun (1408) as an important customs post.
The frontier fortress was fenced with stone walls during the rule of Petru Rares in conformity with a special design which envisaged round and rectangular walls.During the Russian – Turkish wars the Tighina Fortress was three times conquered by the Russian armies (in 1770, 1789 and 1806). After the Bucharest Treaty was signed in 1812 Bessarabia was annexed to the Russian Empire and the fortress came in the possession of the Russian military authorities. Not far from the fortress there remained up till now the remnants of the war camp of Swedish King Charles XII who took his refuge here after the Poltava battle.
This place is really worth it to visit! On its territory you’ll find the fortress, from Medival Era also a settlement from Russian Empire’s army, and a munition factory during soviet era, all of this just in one place!